Julius Martov

Julius Martov or L. Martov (born Yuliy Osipovich Tsederbaum/Zederbaum; 24th November 1873 – 4th April 1923) was a Jewish subversive and old friend and mentor of Leon Trotsky who became the leader of the Menshoviks. In 1921 Vladimir Lenin stated that Martov was “an amazing comrade…what a pure man!” Martov was born to a comfortably wealthy Jewish family in Constantinople, Turkey (modern day Istanbul). His sister was fellow Menshevik leader Lydia Dan. In Russia, Martov was a close colleague of Lenin and with him, and small group of Marxist intellectuals, founded the League of Struggle for the Emancipation of the Working Class in 1895 to subvert the workers of Petrograd. The founders were arrested almost immediately after its establishment for organisation of the textile strike of 30,000 workers in 1896. Both Martov and Lenin were exiled to Siberia for this. With other subversive political figures living in exile, Martov joined the Russian Social Democratic Labor Party (RSDLP) and, in 1900, was one of the founding members, with Lenin, of the party journal Irska. It was at the Second Congress of the RSDLP in London in 1903 that Lenin and Martov contrived a dispute over membership of the party that would lead to a dialectical split resulting in a hardline Bolshevik (majority) under Lenin and more liberal Menshovik (minority) under Martov. This enabled Jew Jacob Schiff to finance both sides ensuring a Jewish Marxist future for Russia. Martov’s strategy involved mass agitation, using Yiddish to garner support and participating in Jewish strikes. Martov supported reunification with the Bolsheviks in 1905 during the attempted seizure of Russia. Following that and financed by Schiff Martov, like Kerensky, networked with trade unions, cooperatives, village councils and soviets, to harass the Tsarist government until the climate was right for another Bolshevik revolt to take place. While WWI was the “great world upheaval” forecast by Jew Theodor Herzl and engineered for the Jewish Bolshevik seizure of Russia, with much chutzpah, at its outbreak in 1914 Martov opposed it as ‘imperialist’ in terms very similar to those of Lenin and Trotsky. In 1915, he sided with Lenin at an international conference in Switzerland and supported the Red army against the White. In 1922, learning Martov was ill, Lenin asked Stalin to transfer funds to Berlin to contribute to Martov’s medical care. Martov died in Schomberg, Germany, in April 1923. Before his fatal illness, he launched the newspaper Socialist Messenger, which remained the publication of the Mensheviks in exile in Berlin, Paris, and eventually New York until the last of them had died.