Hungarian Soviet Republic

Literally the Republic of Councils in Hungary, the Hungarian Soviet Republic was a short-lived (133 days) small communist state controlling only approximately 23% of the territory of Hungary’s classic pre-World War I territories (325 411 km²). Lasting only from 21st March to 1st August 1919 power was in the hands of Jewish foreign minister Bela Kun, who maintained direct contact with Vladimir Lenin via radiotelegraph. It was Lenin who gave the direct orders and advice to Béla Kun via constant radio communication with the Kremlin. It was the second communist seizure in the world, only preceded by the capture of Russia by the Bolsheviks.