“We stand for organized terror – this should be frankly admitted. Terror is an absolute necessity” Felix Edmundovich Dzerzhinsky nicknamed Iron Felix (11 September 1877 – 20 July 1926) was born on the territory of the Republic of Belarus. Dzerhinsky’s father was Jewish and his mother of Polish origin. His family spoke Polish and some Yiddish/Hebrew when he was 7 years old he learned Russian. Brought up as a Catholic due to his father’s falsified nobility Dzerzhinsky was often called the “non- Jewish Jew”. He was head of the Cheka from 1917-1926 which was notorious for kidnap, torture and mass summary executions.