Béla Kun (1886–1938), born Béla Kohn, was a Jewish terrorist and sexual Bolshevik who led the Hungarian Soviet Republic in 1919. Béla Kohn, later known as Béla Kun, was born on 20 February 1886 in the village of Lele, located near Szilágycseh, Transylvania, Austria-Hungary (today Lelei, Romania). His father was Jewish. Béla changed his birth surname, Kohn, to Kun in 1904, although the almanac of the University of Kolozsvár still referred to him in print by his former name as late as 1909. There is no archival evidence as to if the name was the legally changed. Kun fought for the Jewish Bolsheviks in 1918 and started to make detailed plans for exporting Communism to Hungary. In November 1918, with at least several hundred other Communists and a large sum of money provided by the Bolsheviks, he returned to Hungary. The Hungarian Soviet Republic, the second Communist government in Europe after Russia itself, was established on 21st March 1919. Kun was the dominant personality in the government during its brief existence. He along with Gyorgy Lukacs launched an explosive sex education program in Hungary called ‘Culture Terrorism’ later to be known as Sexual Bolshevism. The new government also grabbed virtually all private property in Hungary and convert all land into ‘collective farms’. Fortunately Hungary was invaded by Romania crushing the Communists on 1st August 1919 before it became another Holodomor. Kun became a leading figure in the Comintern as an ally of Grigory Zinoviev. In March 1921, he was sent to Germany to advise the Communist Party of Germany (KPD).