Alexander Lvovich Parvus born Israel Lazarevich Gelfand (1867-1924) was born to a Jewish family in the shtetl of Berazino, now part of Belarus. He was a Marxist theoretician and committed to dispatching Jewish Bolsheviks to infiltrate Tsarist security along with Moisei Uritsky. Together with Jewish thug Peter (Pinhas) Rutenberg, Parvus organised what was later called “Bloody Sunday”. January 22nd 1905, Parvus and Rutenberg placed Jewish Bolshevik terrorists in the trees of Alexandrovsk Park and ordered them to shoot at the guards by the Winter Palace. The guards were forced to return fire to protect themselves. This has only recently been revealed through secret documents held by the Communist Party. Parvus, Trotsky and other Jewish accomplices including Jewish Bolshevik Leonid Krasin (really Goldgelb), organized and coordinated bank-robberies, mutinies on 12 warships including the Potemkin (June 1905) , revolts in Kronstadt and Sevastopol, murdered policemen and bought weapons to destabilise Russia prior to Jewish seizure. Parvus was also active in the Social Democratic Party of Germany with close ties to Jewish Marxist Rosa Luxemburg co-conspirator in the attempted Bolshevik seizure of Germany in 1919. He met and admired the Jewish Bolshevik butcher Vladimir Lenin and was responsible for recommending to the German government that Lenin be smuggled through Germany into Russia in 1917.