Roman-Taras Yosypovych Shukhevych (also known by his middle name Taras Chuprynka, June 30, 1907 – March 5, 1950) was a Ukrainian politician, military leader, and general of the Ukrainian Liberation Army (UPA). Both Shukhevych’s parents were involved with the Ukrainian national revival in the 19th century and Shukhevych major political influence was Yevhen Konovaletz. He joined the Ukrainian Military Organization in 1923 and the Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists (OUN) in 1929. Shukhevych was active in combat and from 1930–4 he headed the OUN combat branch in Galicia and Poland. He joined the Nachtigall Battalion in April 1941 and became its top OUN liaison and political officer. When the Nachtigall and Roland battalions were merged in October 1941 to form Schutzmannschaftbataillon 201, Shukhevych was appointed deputy battalion commander and commander of its first company with the rank of captain. When the battalion was disarmed and demobilized Shukhevych join the UPA. At the Third OUN Congress on 25 August, he was confirmed as head of the OUN Home Leadership, and in November he was appointed supreme commander of the UPA in the rank of lieutenant colonel. Shukhevych died in combat with special units of the MVD. Posthumously, he was awarded the UPA’s highest decorations: the Gold Cross of Combat Merit First Class and the Cross of Merit in gold.